Dandruff is a condition that occurs when the scalp becomes dry or greasy and produces white flakes of dead skin that appear in the hair or on the shoulders. Excessive shedding of dead skin from the scalp is known as Dandruff.
Usually, the scalp skin dies and flakes off in a month, while in those suffering from Dandruff, this happens every 2-7 days.
Actually Our hair scalp has sebaceous glands which secrets oil in the scalp which sometimes causes skin cells to clump and white flakes are formed. If not cured on time it will become worse.
Dandruff can result when there’s a build-up of oils/sebum or sweat on the scalp. Washing hair more frequently can help reduce the sebum and control dandruff .
Babies can sometimes have dandruff and yellow, greasy, scaly patches on their scalp. This is known as cradle cap.Cradle cap appears most often in babies in the first two months. It tends to last only a few weeks or months.
Gently washing your baby’s hair and scalp with baby shampoo can help prevent a build-up of scales.
Skin cells are formed continuously on the scalp, so the shedding of dead skin cells is a normal process. With dandruff, however, skin cells are shed at a faster rate than normal. Stress can worsen any skin condition. cold weather may also make it worse.
Dry Skin Related Dandruff: Dandruff caused due to dry skin is one of the most common types.
Oil Related Dandruff: The next common cause is accumulation of sebum oil secreted from your scalp.
Disease Related Dandruff
Product build dandruff which means a continuous use of shampoos or any chemicals , Using wrong hair care products hair mask, conditioner must be as according to scalp type like dry, normal, oily if you are not following it then you are likely to disturb scalp.
Not cleaning hair properly
Proper hygiene is needed in scalp .not washing hair for long time and not protecting hair from outside like dust is also one of the causes for dandruff.
Extra oily scalp attracts dirt and makes hair greasy if not frequently washed this will lead to dandruff.
Extra dry scalp will break and formation of white flakes and causes dandruff.
This can be due to any means like improper hygiene , sharing combs, allergic hair care products this will show up as flakes in scalp.
It is severe condition of dandruff.
Over sun exposure
Sunrays can damage scalp and make it moisture less and dry which can cause dandruff as well as sweat.
If you have allergy to particular medicine then consuming it may lead to allergic reaction on skin as well as scalp leading to white flakes formation.
Do’s and Don’ts
Increased intake of dry, cold, oily, spicy, and penetrating foods, junk foods, hyperactivity of the sebaceous glands such as sweat glands, environmental allergens such as dust, hair masks sunlight, certain fabrics, soaps, shampoos and even certain types of food are sometimes responsible for dandruff.
Excessive cosmetic hair treatments such as hair-conditioning and hair-colouring, using hair curlers, and hair-bonding often result in a weak skin and eventually lead to dandruff.
Diet & Lifestyle Advice
Wash hair regularly with a mild shampoo.
Massage your hair with oil every time before washing the head and hair.
Have food with good nutritive value; include fibber-rich foods, salads, fruits, and lentils.
Do regular yoga and exercises to minimise stress levels.
Avoid scratching the scalp with hands or any other object.
1.Siro abhyangam is a massage over the head region with medicated oil .it nourishes scalp ,prevent hair loss and improve hair texture.
2.Sirolepanam is a medicated paste apply over the head region.
3.Kshalanam is washing hair with medicated drugs.
4.Siro dhoopanam is a fumigation hair with medicated drugs.
5.Talapothichil which is a covering of head with medicine for a particular time.
6.Sirodhara which is a pouring of medicated drugs over the head.
7.Panchakarma treatment like virechana or puragtion and nasya which is an instillation of herbal oils, juice or powders through the nasal route.
8.Rasayana therapy or nourishing treatment to improve general health and get nutrition to the body.
Dr Varsha Deepesh Dr Devi Girish