What is sciatica?

Sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body. Sciatica nerve begins from nerve roots in the spinal canal in the low back extends through the buttocks and reach thigh area up to lower limb. Typically sciatica affects only one side of your body. sciatica most commonly occurs when a herniated disc, bone spur on the spine or narrowing of the spine .the leg pain radiating to the knee and may go to the foot. Weakness in the leg muscles and limping can be a sign of sciatica. This causes inflammation, pain and often some numbness in leg.
Muscle spasm, degenerative disc disease, lumbar spinal stenosis ,pregnancy, overweight, wearing high heel ,sleeping on a mattress that is too soft or too hard, spondylolisthesis(a condition in which one vertebra slips forward over another one),degenerative disc disease, any injury over disc there by nerve compression.
Lower back pain, hip pain, burning sensation of leg,weakness,numbness of leg, shooting pain that makes it too difficult to walk or stand, pain can vary either mild or sharp or burning ,pain can worse when you cough or sneeze. Sometimes prolonged sitting can aggravate symptoms, Tingling sensation in the feet and toes. This pain may be aggravated by sitting for long periods. Some times limping also can be there.
Ayurvedic Treatments &Management

Procedures are Kativasthi,where warm medicated oil is kept over the lower back within a herbal paste boundary, leading to relief from pain along with oral medicines helps to improve nourishment of disc cartilage. Abhyanga,Patrapindaswedam, Njavarakizhi,Sneha vasti,Kashaya vasti and matra vasti are other treatment of choice.
Internal use of vathahara medicines in the form of decoctions,churnam,tablets and also exercises along with lifestyle changes have a great role in the management of sciatica
This is one of the diseases where Ayurveda treatment gives very good promise.